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Sudan: Three decades under Bashir



Here are key dates in Sudan since Omar al-Bashir, who on Friday announced a nationwide state of emergency following two months of deadly anti-government protests, came to power three decades ago.

1989: Coup

In June 1989, army brigadier Bashir seizes power in a coup backed by Islamist ideologue Hassan al-Turabi.

Sudan then hosts radical Islamists, including Al-Qaeda chief Osama bin Laden who remains until 1996.

The UN works to clear landmines in South Sudan

The United Nations Mine Action Service carries out the demolition of the numerous explosive devices in South Sudan, in an effort to support a landmine free South Sudan.

A leadership power struggle erupts in 1999 and Bashir forces Turabi from the ruling circle.

2003: Rebellion in Darfur

In 2003, a rebellion erupts in the vast western region of Darfur, which complains of economic and political marginalisation.

The conflict kills 300 000 people and displaces nearly 2.5 million, according to UN figures, before largely diminishing.

The International Criminal Court in 2009 indicts Bashir for war crimes and crimes against humanity in Darfur, and a year later for genocide. Bashir denies the charges.

2005: Civil war ends

Khartoum signs a peace treaty in 2005 with southern rebels after a north-south civil war that lasted more than two decades, leaving two million people dead and a further four million displaced.

The agreement schedules a referendum on independence for 2011.

2010: Vote boycotted

In 2010, Bashir is elected in the first multiparty election since 1986, but voting is boycotted by the opposition and criticised abroad.

He is re-elected in 2015.

2011: South Sudan born

In July 2011, South Sudan breaks away, six months after the scheduled referendum overwhelmingly approves independence.

The Sudan People’s Liberation Army-North launches insurgencies in South Kordofan and Blue Nile states.

2012: War for oil

In early 2012, fighting breaks out along the border between Sudan and South Sudan over oil fields in an area claimed by both.

South Sudan shuts off oil production for more than a year, hitting the economies of both countries.

2013: Deadly demonstration

Khartoum lifts petrol subsidies in late 2013, causing prices to rocket by more than 60% and sparking broad public anger.

Demonstrations turn into anti-government protests and the security forces respond with force. Amnesty International says more than 200 people were shot dead, while the government puts the toll at dozens.

2016: Darfur referendum

Darfur holds a referendum in April 2016 on whether to unify its five states, a long-standing demand of rebels seeking greater autonomy.

The poll is boycotted by the opposition and criticised internationally, with the result backing the division of the region.

In August, negotiations fail between the regime and rebels on a cessation of hostilities in Darfur, Blue Nile and South Kordofan.

The following month Amnesty says government forces used suspected chemical weapons in 2016 in Darfur, killing scores of civilians. Khartoum denies the allegations.

In November, Sudan hikes fuel prices by around 30%, sparking new nationwide strikes.

2017: US embargo ends

In October 2017, the United States ends its 20-year-old trade embargo against Sudan, imposed over alleged support for Islamist militant groups.

But Washington does not drop Sudan from its blacklist of “state sponsors of terrorism”.

Bread protests

In early 2018, demonstrations erupt over soaring food prices, notably of bread. They are swiftly dispersed and opposition leaders and activists rounded up.

In August, the ruling party nominates Bashir as its candidate for the 2020 presidential election, despite the constitution having a two-term limit.

On December 19, protests begin in several towns after the government triples the price of bread, soon turning into rolling nationwide anti-government rallies.

The demonstrations continue into 2019, with some political groups calling for a “new regime”.

Authorities are accused of a harsh crackdown, including using live ammunition, with Human Rights Watch saying at least 51 people have been killed since the start, although the official toll is around 31.

A top US official warns that talks to remove Sudan from its list of state sponsors of terrorism could be detailed unless the authorities rein in their crackdown on protesters.

On February 22, Bashir declares a year-old state of emergency across Sudan and dissolves the government.

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Ivory Coast’s ex-President Gbagbo returns home after ICC acquittal




Former Ivory Coast President, Laurent Gbagbo, has returned home, 10 years after he was taken to the International Criminal Court (ICC) on charges of crimes against humanity.

Mr Gbagbo has been living in the Belgian capital Brussels since his release from detention three years ago.

His successor and rival President Alassane Ouattara invited him back.

He was the first former head of state to go on trial at the ICC but was acquitted of all charges.

The 76-year-old was charged after his refusal to accept defeat in a 2010 election that triggered a civil war that left 3,000 people dead. He always denied all the allegations.

In March, the ICC appeals court upheld a 2019 acquittal, saying the prosecution had failed to prove its case against Mr Gbagbo and Charles Blé Goudé, an ally and former youth leader who was accused of leading a militia backing him.



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Rare Video Of The Point Between Lybia and Italy Where The Mediterranean Sea Does Not Mix




Rare Video Of The Point Between Lybia and Italy Where The Mediterranean Sea Does Not Mix has chanced  On a New video Circulating online where the Mediterranean Sea between Lybia and Italy do not mix

Apparently ,the video has got Netizens talking considering the fact that the two sea does not mix though they are very close – In normal circumstances it should be mixing

This ,has been ,some of  the route for immigrants from Africa who want to enter Europe to enjoy supposedly Better life


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Former Zambian president Kenneth Kaunda has died




• A former Zambian president has died

• Kenneth Kaunda was at the forefront of Zambia’s independence struggle

• He was 97

Dr. Kenneth Kaunda, a former president of Zambia, has died.

The man who was one of the men at the forefront of the struggle for Zambia’s independence from British rule died at 97, an announcement on Thursday, June 17, 2021, has said.

Also known as KK, former president Kaunda had been receiving treatment for an undisclosed ailment at a military hospital in Lusaka, reports

He recently asked for prayers from all Zambians and the international community when he got into the hospital.

Kaunda ruled Zambia from 1964, when the country got independence from Britain, until 1991.

He was one of the few surviving liberation heroes in the region.

His death has come at a time when Zambia is battling a surge in Covid-19 cases.


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